For any organization, various functional plans-marketing, financial, human resources, production-have to be laid down, even though all the functional plans serve different purposes and all theses plans provide guidance and structure to the successful running of the business.
Financial plan: Financial plan indicates the financial requirements of the proposed business enterprise such as: Projected cash flows ; Projected income statement ; Projected break-even point ; Projected ratios ; Projected balance sheet ; Project report preparation.
Don't Make Assumptions About Customers ; To be an entrepreneur does require plenty of self-confidence, sometimes almost a bloody-minded determination to make your business work. But this confidence spilling over into thinking that you know what 'the market' wants can be dangerous, without checking that it's true. You need to do your research that the market does ultimately want what you will be offering, whatever products or services you will be selling.
Production/ Operation plan: The production/ Operation plan should include strategies for the following parameters ; Location and reasons for selecting the location ; Physical layout ; Cost and availability of machinery, equipments, raw material ; List of suppliers and, if possible, distributors ; Cost of manufacturing ; Quality management ; Production scheduling, capacity management and inventory management ; Changes in above in the case of expansion of business.
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