It is known to be the most crucial step in the successful running of the business because a well planned business venture carefully scans all the possible opportunities and threats, understand the demands of the market and arranges for the best possible resources which finally lead to the success of the business.
Preparing a Business Plan: A business plan has to be in accordance with the organization in question, its situation and time. However, a business plan is not just a document to be produced and filed. Instead, business planning is a continuous process. The business plan has to be a living document, constantly in use of monitor, control and guide the progress of a business.
The business plan serves several purposes: Enables the entrepreneur to think through the business in a logical and structured way and to set out the stage in the achievement of the business objectives ; Enables the entrepreneur to plot progress against the plan ; Ensures that the resources needed to carry out the strategy and the times when they are required are both identified ; Preparing the business plan ensures that the entrepreneur has thought through the crucial aspects of the venture ; It is a means for making all employees aware of the business direction ; It is an important document for discussion with prospective investors and lenders of finance ; It links into the derailed, short-term, one-year budget.
When I have received business plans, the very best responses come from people who have looked at the risks and have an answer for every question. What you never want is to throw a scenario at your plan and have to answer "I don't know what I would do in that situation". You want to plan for every possible contingency, and certainly all the major risks to the ongoing success of your business.